INTERPRETASI KATA AL-ṢIRÂṬ AL-MUSTAQÎM DALAM ALQURAN: APLIKASI SEMANTIK TOSHIHIKO IZUTSU

Muhammad Anwar Idris(1*),


(1) UIN Sunan Kalijaga
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This paper tries to reveal the meaning of the word al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm . As for the word al-irâ al-Mustaqîm and its derivations; as many as 33 well-known words in 21 surah in the Alquran. Of the many mentions of this word in the Quran, of course, it will have a different meaning. So it is necessary to study what exactly the meaning of al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm in Alquran using the semantic theory of Toshihiko Izutsu. This theory explains the existence of the basic meaning and relational meaning of Pragmatics and paradigmatics and Weltanschauung (world of meaning) al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm. The results of this study, that the word al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm in Alquran has the basic meaning of "straight path". The syntagmatic relational meaning of al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm which is included in this journal is: filling in to Allah, tauhid creed, Islam and Alquran. Meanwhile, the paradigmatic relational meaning, synonyms of al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm include: al-irâ  al-Aziz al-Hamîd, al-irâ  al-Sawî, al-Tarîq al-Mustaqîm, Subul al-Salâm, Sabîl Lillâh. Antonyms of the words al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm include: irâ  al-Jahim, al-Tarîq Jahannam, Sabîl at-Thaghut, Sabîl al-Mufsidîna. Then the weltanschauung (world of meaning) al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm is the Hidayah and the Bridge to Hell.

Keywords: Semantic Alquran, al-irâ al-Mustaqîm , Straight path. Toshihiko Izutsu.

 

Tulisan ini berusaha mengungkapkan makna kata al-irâ al-Mustaqîm . Adapun kata al-irâ al-Mustaqîm dan derivinasinya disebutkan sebanyak 33 kata yang tersebar dalam 21 surat dalam Alquran. Dari banyaknya penyebutan kata tersebut di dalam Alquran, tentunya akan memiliki makna yang berbeda. Sehingga perlu dikaji apa sebenarnya makna al-irâ al-Mustaqîm dalam Alquran dengan menggunakan teori semantik Toshihiko Izutsu. Teori ini menjelaskan tentang adanya makna dasar dan makna relasional pragmatik dan paradigmatik serta Weltanschauung (dunia makna) al-irâ al-Mustaqîm. Hasil penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa kata al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm dalam Alquran memiliki makna dasar “jalan yang lurus”. Makna relasional sintagmatik al-irâ al-Mustaqîm yang disebutkan dalam jurnal ini yaitu: beribadah kepada Allah, akidah tauhid, agama Islam dan Alquran. Sedangkan makna relasional paradigmatik, sinonim kata al-irâ al-Mustaqîm antara lain: al-irâ al-’Azîz al-H{amîd, al-irâ al-Sawî, al-Tarîq al-Mustaqîm, Subul al-Salâm, Sabîl Lillâh. Antonim kata al-irâ al-Mustaqîm antara lain: irâ al- jahim, al-Tarîq Jahannam, Sabîl at-Thâghu>t, Sabîl al-Mufsidîna. Kemudian weltanschaung (dunia makna) al-irâ  al-Mustaqîm ialah Hidayah dan Jembatan ke neraka.

Kata Kunci: Semantik Alquran, al-irâ al-Mustaqîm, Jalan yang lurus, Toshihiko Izutsu.


Keywords


Semantic Alquran, al-Ṣirâṭ al-Mustaqîm , Straight path. Toshihiko Izutsu

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdillah. “Ekastologi Kematian dan Kemenjadian Manusia.” JAQFI: Jurnal Akidah dan Filsafat Islam 1, No. 1 (2016):

‘Abd aL-Bâqî, Muh}ammad Fu‘âd. Al-Mu’jam Al-Mufahras lîAlfaẓ Alquran. Beirut: Dar Al-Marefah, 2009.

Askar, S. Kamus Arab-Indonesia Al-Azhar. Jakarta: Senayan Publishing, 2010.

Baidan, Nashruddin. Tafsir kontemporer Surat Al-Fatihah. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2012.

al-Bukhârî, Abū ‘Abdullâh Muḥammad ibn Ismâ‘îl ibn Ibrâhîm ibn al-Mughîrah ibn Bardizbah al-Ju‘fî. Ṣahih Bukhari. Riyad: Bait Afkar, 1998.

Fatmawati, Mila, Dadang Darmawan, dan Ahmad Izzan. “Analisis Semantik Kata Syukur Dalam Alquran.” Al-Bayan: Jurnal Studi Ilmu Al- Quran dan Tafsir Vol. 3, no. 1 (Agustus 2018). https://doi.org/10.15575/al-bayan.v3i1.3129.

Al Athqalânî, Ibn Hajar. Fatḥ al-Bari Sharah Ṣaḥîḥ Bukhârî terj Amir Hamzah. Jakarta: Pustaka Azam, 2009.

Hakim, Taufiqul. Kamus At-Taufiq. Jepara: Al-falah Offset, 2003.

Hasinatu Sa’adah, Dini, M. Solahudin, dan Dadang Darmawan. “Konsep Dhanb dan Ithm dalam Alquran (Kajian Semantik Alquran).” Al-Bayan: Jurnal Studi Ilmu Al- Quran dan Tafsir Vol 2, No. 2 (Desember 2017): 163–76. https://doi.org/10.15575/al-bayan.v2i2.1896.

Hasyim, Ahmad Faqih, dan Muhammad Maimun. “Makna Wali dan Auliya Dalam Alquran.” Diya al-Afkar Vol 4, No. 2 (Desember 2016):

Ibnurrahman, Junaidi. “Konsep Teologis dalam Naskah Cator Mi’raj.” ANALISIS: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 15, No. 2 (Desember 2015):

Izutsu, Toshihiko. Relasi Tuhan dan Manusia: Pendekatan Semantik Terhadap Alquran, terj, Agus Fahri Husein dkk. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 1997.

Hasan, Moh. Abdul Kholiq. Dahsyatnya 4 surat Alquran; al-Fatihah, al-Ikhlas, al-Falaq, An-Nas. Boyolali: Hijra Publishing, 2013.

Mujahidin, Anwar. Pemurnian Tafsir Surat Al-Fatihah. Yogyakarta: Suka Press, 2103.

Munawwir, Ahmad Warson. Al Munawwir Kamus bahasa Arab – Indonesia. Surabaya: Pustaka Progresif, 1997.

Mutahar, Ali. Kamus Mutahar. Jakarta: PT Mizan Publika, 2005.

Poerwadarminta, W.J.S. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 2007.

Rahman, Arief, Rahendra Maya, dan Sholahudin Sholahudin. “Konsep Al-Sirat Al-Mustaqim Dalam Alquran (Studi Tafsir Tematik Ayat-ayat yang Menjelaskan Term Al-Ṣirâṭ al-Mustaqîm ).” Al - Tadabbur: Jurnal Ilmu Alquran dan Tafsir Vol 3, no. 02 (November 2018): https://doi.org/10.30868/at.v3i02.317.

Shihab, Quraish. Kaidah Tafsir. Tanggerang: Lentera Hati, 2015.

____________. Tafsir Al Misbah Pesan, Kesan dan Keserasian Alquran. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2006.

Al-Ṣuyuṭ î, Jalâluddîn. Al-Muzhir fi Ulumi al-Lughah wa Anwaʽiha. Beirut: Al-Maktabah al-‘Asriyyah, 2014.

Al-Yassu’i, Fr. Louis Ma’lur, dan Bernard Tottel al-Yassu’i. Al-Munjid fi al-Lughah Wa Al-A’lam. Beirut: Dar el-Machreq Sarl Publisher, 2008.




DOI: 10.24235/diyaafkar.v8i02.7248

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


         

  

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.