Destra Wibowo Kusumo(1), Distya Kusuma Wardani(2*),

(1) Universitas Negeri Semarang
(2) Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


This study investigates the mood choice used by Indonesian English foreign language learners. The data were the spoken utterances of simulated conversation by four graduate students of English Education Department. The data were transcribed, encoded, analyzed, and interpreted based on the taxonomy of mood system, within the framework of Hallidays systemic functional linguistics, as proposed mainly by Eggins and Slade (1997) and Eggins (2004). Findings revealed that there are six types of moods, namely declarative, tagged declarative, polar interrogative, wh-interrogative, imperative, and exclamative. In addition, there are non-mood clause, namely minor clause, nonfinite clause, and incomplete clause. The dominant findings of numbers of declarative moods suggested that the exchanges of information dominate the conversation. Also, this may indicates the levels of participants competence in using casual English in foreign language context. 


systemic functional linguistics, mood system, conversation

Full Text:



Alwi et al. (1996). Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia, Edisi Ketiga. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Azar, B.S. (1993). Understanding and Using English Grammar. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Biber et al. (1999). Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Pearson Education.

Brown, H.D. (2007), Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, 5th Edition. New York: Pearson Education.

Bloor, T. & Bloor, M. (2004). The Functional Analysis of English: A Hallidayan Approach, 2nd Edition. London: Arnold.

Eggins, S. & Slade, D. (1997). Analysing Casual Conversation. London & Washington: Cassell.

Eggins, S. (2004). An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics, 2nd Edition. London & New York: Continuum.

Dornyei, Z. (2007). Research Methods in Applied Linguistics: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methodologies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Frank, M. (1972). Modern English: A Practical Reference Guide. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Fontaine, L. (2013). Analysing English Grammar: A Systemic-Functional Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gerrot, L. & Wignell, P. (1994). Making Sense of Functional Grammar: An Introductory Workbook. Cammeray: Gerd Stabler.

Heigham, J. & Crocker, R.A. (2009) Qualitative Research in Applied Linguistics: A Practical Introduction. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Halliday, M.A.K. (1985). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Arnold

Halliday, M.A.K. & Matthiessen,, C.M.I.M. (2004). An Introduction to Functional Grammar, 3rd Edition. London: Hodder Education.

Halliday, M.A.K. & Matthiessen, C.M.I.M. (2014). Hallidays Introduction to Functional Grammar. London & New York: Routledge.

Jennings, S. (2009). Systemic functional grammar and natural language input. Pp. 97 -111.

Lodico, G.M., Spaulding, D.T., & Voegtle, K.H. (2010). Methods in Educational Research: From Theory to Practice, 2nd Edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Martin, J.R. & Rose, D. (2007). Working with Discourse: Meaning beyond the Clause, 2nd Edition. London & New York: Continuum.

Martin, J.R. & White, P.R.R. (2005). The Language of Evaluation: Appraisal in English. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mattiessen, C.M.I.M., Teruya, K., & Lam. M. (2010). Key Terms in Systemic Functional Linguistics. London & New York: Continuum.

Moleong. L.J. (2004). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Edisi Revisi. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Morley, G.D. (2000). Syntax in Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Lexicogrammar in Systemic Linguistics. London & New York: Continuum.

Saleh, M. (2014). Your language your character. Language Circle, 9(2), pp.1-8.

Saville-Troike, M. (2006). Introducing Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Searle, J. (1979). Expression and Meaning: Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sutopo, D. (2014). Negotion of meanings: a case of an Indonesian young learner of English. International Review of Social Sciences, 6(2), pp.148-162.

Wattles, I. & Bojanic, B.R. (2007). The analysis of an online debate the systemic functional grammar approach. Linguistics and Literature, 5(1), pp.47-58.

Wei, Y, Wherrity, M, & Zhang, Y. (2015). An analysis of current research on the appraisal theory. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 3(5), pp.235-239. DOI:10.13189/lls.2015.03050

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

DOI: 10.24235/eltecho.v5i1.6282

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 45 times
PDF - 11 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.


This Journal is indexed by:



View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.