Efektivitas Penggunaan Realia Pada Penulisan Teks Deskripstif

Kiki Siti Fatimah(1*),

(1) IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon
(*) Corresponding Author


The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not there is the use of realia in class VIII SMP students. This research was conducted using experimental research and handled a quasi experimental design. The population of this study were students of class VIII SMP N 15 Cirebon. Researchers took samples from class VIII A as an experimental class consisting of 33 students and VIII B as a control class consisting of 33 students. The experimental class was taught using realia media in descriptive text and the control class was taught using conventional strategies (without using realia media). Data analysis was calculated statistically with SPSS 20. The results showed that t count> -t table or -11.455 and df (degrees of freedom) N-1 = 32 at the 0.05 degree of significance, the t-table was 2.037. So t-count> t-table - 11.455> 2.037 then t-count is higher than t-table. So H0 (null) is rejected. Then Ha (alternative) is accepted. So, the researchers found that the use of realia media for students' writing skills in descriptive text for class VIII at SMP N 15 Cirebon was effective after the researcher conducted research in the 2018/2019 academic year. It appears that students' writing has a significant influence on the use of realia media.


Effectiveness, Writing, Descriptive Text, Realia Media

Full Text:



Aisyah, S. (2012). The Influence of Using Realia in Teaching Concrete Nouns. Jakarta: UIN Jakarta. Retrieved from http://www.docplayer.info/ on October 8th, 2018.

Bala, E. (2015). The Positive Effect of Realia in EFL Classes. Iraq: Ishik University. Retrieved from http://www.researchgate.net/ on May 22nd, 2018.

Creswell, J. (2008). Educational Research Planning Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. New Jersey: Merryl Prentice Hall.

Desi, N.K. (2015). Writing Strategies. Purwokerto: Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto. Retrieved from http://www.repository.ump.ac.id/ on October 8th , 2018.

Harmawan, V. (2018). Using Realia to Improve Students' Speaking Ability in Junior High School. Padang: Journal of English Language Teaching. Retrieved from http://www.library.walisongo.ac.id/ on January 9th, 2018

Harmer, J. (2007). How to Teach Writing. England: Pearson Education Limited.

Hyland, K. (2004). Disciplinary Discourses: Social Interaction in Academic Writing. Cambridge: University of Michigan Press.

Mulyono. (2008). English Way 2. Jakarta: Quadra.

Mustika. (2018). The Effect of Realia on Students’ Speaking Achievement. Lampung: UIN Raden Intan. Retrieved from http://www.jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/ on June 3rd, 2018

Priyatno, D. (2011). Cara Kilat Belajar Analisis Data dengan SPSS 20. Yogyakarta: ANDI.

Priyatno, D. (2016). Buku Saku Analisis Statistik Data SPSS. Yogyakarta Mediakom.

Rega, I. (2015). The Influence of Using Realia in Teaching Concrete Nouns. Jakarta: UIN Jakarta. Retrieved from http://www.docplayer.info/ on January 22nd, 2018

Sarwono, J. (2012). Metode Riset Skripsi Pendekatan Kuantitatif Menggunakan Prosedur SPSS. Jakarta: PT Alex Media Komputindo.

Souiler, J. (2015). Real Objects and Models. New Jersey: Educational Technology Publications Inc.

Sugiyono. (2007). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan RRD. Bandung: Alfabeta

Suharsih, S. (2017). Realia: The Effective Media for Teaching English for EYL. Banten: Sultan Agung Tirtayasa University. Retrieved from http://www.eprints.umk.ac.id/ on Feb 9th, 2019

Wardiman, J. (2008). English Teaching Learning Process of Writing Descriptive Text. New York: McGraw-Hill.

DOI: 10.24235/holistik.v4i1.7296

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.