Asep Kurniawan(1*),

(1) IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon
(*) Corresponding Author


Traditional assumption, which has been adopted in education, will be difficult to produce highly qualified graduates. A big mistake if student achievement is measured only by the ability of IQ in the form of mathematics and language. A great misconceptions if student achievement is only measured by the ability of IQ (Intelligence Quotient); mathematics and language. Intelligence IQ in favor of only a small portion of the learners. Intelligence is not only IQ, but also multiple intelligencies, such as Linguistic Intelligence, Logical-Mathematical Intelligence, Spatial-Visual Intelligence, Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence, Musical Intelligence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Intrapersonal Intelligence, Naturalist Intelligence, Existential Intelligence, and Spiritual Intelligence. It is based on the understanding of intelligence as the ability of a person to solve a real problem and in a variety of situations. In the context of learning in school, multiple intelligences actualized by empowering learners, more than one modality of learning, variation of places, which is very important, appropriateness teacher's teaching style with students’ learning styles, or students’ intelligences. Learning with multiple intelligences will be able to connect the tedious learning process to a joyful learning. Students are not crammed full of material and theories. With this, however, students are faced with the reality that the material and theories can indeed they encounter in their daily lives, thereby providing the depth impression.



Key words: Pembelajaran, inovasi, kecerdasan, Jamak.

Full Text:



Armstrong, Thomas, 2004. Sekolah Para Juara; Menerapkan Multiple Intellegences (Kecerdasan Jamak) di Dunia Pendidikan. Penerjemah: Yudhi Murtanto. (Bandung: Kaifa.

Campbell, Linda. 1997.

Variations on a Theme: How Teachers Interpret MI Theory. Educational Leadership. 55(1), 14-19. Beauregard St. Alexandria, USA: ASCD.

Campbell, Linda, Campbell, Bruce; Dickinson, Dee. 2002. Multiple Intelligences Metode Terbaru Melesatkan Kecerdasan. Diterjemahkan oleh Tim Inisiai. Jakarta: Inisiasi Press.

Carroll, J. B. 1993. Human Cognitive Abilities: A Survey of Factor-analytic Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chatib, Munif. 2011. Sekolahnya Manusia: Sekolah Berbasis Multiple Intelligences di Indonesia. Bandung: Kaifa.

Dawson, P. & Guare, R. 1998. Coaching the ADHD Student. Toronto, ON: Multi-Health Systems Inc.

Gardner, Howard. 1983. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York, USA: Basic Books Inc.

________.2000. Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century. New York, USA: Basic Books Inc.

________. dan Hatch, T. 1989. “Multiple Intelligences Go to School: Educational Implications of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences”, Journal of Educational Researcher 18(8): 4, Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.

________. 1995. How Are Kids Smart: Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom Administrators' Version. Port Chester, NY, USA: National Professional Resources, Inc.

________. 2002, “Interpersonal Communication Amongst Multiple Subjects: A Study in Redundancy”, dalam Journal of Experimental Psychology. Princeton, New Jersey: Psychological Review Company.

________. (May 1984). “Heteroglossia: A Global Perspective”, dalam Interdisciplinary Journal of Theory of Postpedagogical Studies

Goleman, Daniel. 2001. The Emotionally Intelligent Workplace: How to Select For, Measure, and Improve Emotional Intelligence in Individuals, Groups, and Organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Iswoyo, Setiyo. 2010. Multiple Intelegensi Ala Rasulullah. Online) Tersedia: (4 Mei 2014)

McKenzie, W. 2005. Multiple Intelligences and Instructional Technology. ISTE (International Society for Technology Education).

Morris, M. 2004, “Ch. 8. The Eight One: Naturalistic Intelligence”, in Kincheloe, Joe L., Multiple Intelligences Reconsidered. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang.

Nikolova, K. dan Taneva-Shopova, S. 2007, “Multiple Intelligences Theory and Educational Practice", dalam Annual Assesn Zlatarov University 26 (2): 105–109. Burgas, Bulgaria: Burgas Prof. Assen Zlatarov University.

Saucier, Gerard; Katarzyna Skrzypinska (1 October 2006). “Spiritual But Not Religious? Evidence for Two Independent Dispositions”, dalam Journal Of Personality 74(5): 1257–1292. Washington, D.C., United States: American Psychological Association.

Slavin, Robert. 2009. Educational Psychology. London, United Kingdom: Pearson.

Stein, S. J. dan Book, H. E. 2000. The EQ Edge: Emotional Intelligence and Your Success. Canada: Multi-Health Systems.

Sujanto, Agus. 1986. Psikologi Perkembangan. Surabaya: Aksara Baru.

Susanto, Handy. 2005. Penerapan Multiple Intelligences dalam Sistem Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Jurnal Pendidikan Penabur.

DOI: 10.24235/al.ibtida.snj.v2i2.127

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 665 times
PDF - 884 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

AL IBTIDA Journal Indexed By:




Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats


Al Ibtida: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru MI Published by Department of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Teacher Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon In Collaboration with Perkumpulan Dosen Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (PD PGMI) Indonesia.

Editorial Office:

FITK Building, 5th Floor, Department of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Teacher Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon.  Perjuangan Street of Sunyaragi, Cirebon City, West Java, Indonesia 45132 Phone. 0231-481264, Fax. 0231-489926, Email: