Hendi hidayat(1*), sumadi sumadi(2),

(1) IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon
(2) IAIN Syekh Nurjati
(*) Corresponding Author


For a higher-order comprehension, academic reading class at IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon is designed to develop the EFL learners’ critical reading, and to draw their awareness to the relationship between reading and writing. The study was intended to find out how the students are engaged critically to respond to academic texts, and express an informed opinion on issues addressed in a written form. The idea of reading response is influenced by the work of Rosenblatt. For her, reading transaction is an active event. Although this theory was widely applied in literature major, but the writer sees such a valuable thing to bring this theory into academic reading setting. Qualitative data are presented, which demonstrate how critically minded these learners are when engaging with texts. The author gathered data for this analysis by conducting observation, interview and document analysis of learners’ written work.This article concludes with suggestions for how teachers can develop their own critical literacy approach to texts and units. The research concludes that the EFL learners presented in this study established a careful selection of texts, activation of their background knowledge, questions to the author’s ideas, intertextuality for answering the questions, and reflection in finishing their product.


critical reading, reader-response, academic text

Full Text:



Anson, Chris. M., Robert A. Schwegler, and Marcia F. Muth. (2003). Reading Critically, Evaluating, and Integrating Sources. The Longman Writer’s Companion. New York: Longman.

Arici, A. F. (2012). Reading Education, 3rd Edition. Pegem Akademi: Ankara.

Asihoglu, B. (2008). Importance and Means of Improving Critical Reading for Cognitive Learning. Journal of D.U. Ziya Gokalp Faculty of Education 10, 1-11.

Bahadir, E. (2012). According Programme for International Student Assesment (PISA 2009), investigation of variables that affect Turkish sudents’ reading skills by regions. MA Thesis, Hacettepe University, Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Cognitive Sciences, Ankara.

Beach, P. YiolaCleovoulou. 2014. An Inquiry-Based Approach to Critical Literacy: Pedagogical Nuances of a Second Grade Classroom. Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto

Blachowicz, C., & Ogle, D. (2001). Reading Comprehension: Strategies for Independent Learners. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Brown, H.D. (1994). Teaching by Priciples: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Reggents.

Celik, C. (2006). Comparison of Silent and Loud Reading with Reading in Mind. Journal of D.U. Ziya Gokalp, Faculty of Education 7. 18-30.

Comber, B. (2001). Critical Literacies and Local Action: Teacher Knowledge and a ‘New’ Research Agenda. Dalam B Comber dan A. Simpson (Eds), Negotiating Critical Literacies in Classrooms (hlm. 271-282). Mahwah, NJ: Earlbaum.

Connell, J. (2000). Aesthetic experiences in the school curriculum: Assessing the value of Rosenblatt’s Transactional Theory. Journal of Aesthetic Education, 34(1), 27-35.

Crème, Phillis and Lea, Mary. (2003). Writing at University a Guide for Students Second Edition.MaindenheadPhilladelphia: Open University Press.

Cronin, P., Ryan, F., & Coughlan, M. (2008). undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach. British Journal of Nursing, 17(1): 38-43.

Davies, F. (1995). Introducing Reading. London: Penguin English Applied Linguistics.

Demirel, S. (2006). Teaching of Turkish for Turkish and Elementary School Teachers, 7th Edition, Pegem A Publication, Ankara.

Dickinson, D. K. dan Neuman, S.B. (2006). Handbook for Early Literacy Research: Volume II. New York: Guilford Publications.

Eliana, G and Harold, C. (2015). Applying the Reader Response Theory to Literary Texts in EFL Pre-Service Teachers’ Initial Education. Journal of Canadian Center of Science and Education. ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750.

Guneyli, A. (2003). Testing the Impact of Text Type Differences on the Comprehension Abilities of Reading. MA Thesis, Ankara University, Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Teaching of the Turkish Language, Ankara.

Huckin, T. N. (1997). Critical Discourse Analysis. Dalam Functional Approaches to Written Text: Classroom Application, ed. T. Miller, 78-92. Washington, DC: United States Information Agency.

Hussey, James. (2006). Writing a Literature Review and Using a Synthesizing Matrix: NC State University.

Hyland, Ken. (2003). Second Language Writing. USA: Cambridge University Press.

Kantemir, E. (1997). Written and Verbal Narration. Nurol Printing: Ankara.

Kurland, D. (2000). Strategies for Critical Reading and Writing. Belmont: Wadswoth Publiching Company.

Kuscu, H. (2010). The Role of Turkish Teachers’ on the Development? Of Verbal and Written Expression Skills and Reading and Listening Talents of the Primary School Second Level Students? According to Constructive Approach. MA Thesis, Yeditepe University, Institute of Social Sciences, Istanbul.

Lin, Jing. 2007. A Study of Students’ Inquiry-Based I-Search Learning Experiences. Athens, Georgia: Graduate Faculty of the University of Georgia

Lynn, R. (2008). The Global Bell Curve: Race, IQ, and Inequality Worldwide Washington: Washington Summit Publisher.

Maimon, Elaine P., Janaice H. Peritz, and Kathleen Blake Yancey. (2009). A Writer’s Resource. 3rd Ed. Boston: McGraw Hill.

McLauhlin, M. (2004). Critical Literacy as Comprehension: Expanding Reader Response. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 48, 52-62.

Molden, K. (2007). Critical Literacy, the Right Answer for the Reading Classroom: Strategies to Move beyond Comprehension for Reading Improvement. Reading Improvement, 44 (1), 50-56.

Moreillon, J. 2014. Inquiry Learning and Reading Comprehension Strategy Instruction: Process that Go Hand in Hand. Texas: Knowledge Quest Vol. 2

National Reading Panel. (2000). Washigton, DC: National Institute of Child Health and Human.

Neuman, S.B., dan Dickinson, D.K. (2001). Handbook for Early Literacy Research. New York: Guilford Press.

Ozdemir, E. (2007). Critical Reading, 7th Edition, Bilgi Publication, Ankara.

process: A how-to-do-it manual for teachers and school librarians. NY: Neal-Schuman.

Rosenblatt, L. (1978). The Reader, the Text, the Poem: The Transactional Theory of Literary Work. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Tallman, J., & Joyce, M. (2006). Making the writing and research connection with the I-searchprocess: A how-to-do-it manual for teachers and school librarians (2nd Ed.). NY: Neal-Schuman.

DOI: 10.24235/eltecho.v4i1.4461

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 180 times
PDF - 39 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.


This Journal is indexed by:



View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.